Tilly Hindmarsh

creativity: theory, practice and history

Exegesis

Having so much freedom in this project made it difficult to decide on what to do. When given a creative project to complete, the first reaction I had was well what is creative? The possibilities are endless. Seeing as the aim of this unit is to explore the creativity of others and our selves, I have decided to choose a project that will explore the creativity of myself. So many ideas flooded my mind on what to do but I had to narrow it down. There were a few initial ideas that came to mind for this project, one being a black and white photographic series, but the one that I decided on was a quilt reflecting the things about my life that I love.

I’ve never actually quilted before but I can sew, one of the many useless talents I have, so it will be interesting to see how this turns out. So I grabbed out my trusty sewing machine and I’m all ready to sew.

I first had to go source some fabrics for my quilt. I wanted the fabrics to be fun, bright vibrant colours so I ventured to spotlight; an endless supply of fabrics is what I found. I decided on the colours red, yellow, green and blue and got a few different patterned fabrics.

I then took this home and cut it into squares for the quilt making sure that I had left over fabric for my designs for the plain patches. The quilt turned out to have 20 squares, below is a sheet of paper that acted as my plan/guide for the quilt.

To plan my quilt I cleared my mind and let my creativity flow. I used a picture storm to help get my creative juices flowing. After looking at this picture storm and exploring myself, I decided on what I was going to use as patches on my quilt.

Above is the inspirational ‘picture storm’ that i made to find the ideas for my quilt.

The Yin Yang is a part of Chinese philosophy. The literal meaning of the words are shadow and light and is used to describe the coming together of complete opposites, how they give relation to each other (this meaning for example that if light didn’t exist then no one would understand darkness). Some possible examples of Yin and Yang are male and female, hot and cold or fire and water. (Reninger, 2012). The reason I have chosen to put the Yin Yang on my quilt is because I like the way that it shows unity. Almost as if 2 worlds collide to help each other become one. My favourite interpretation of Yin Yang is male and female fitting together as two parts to become a whole. I feel as if it’s a creative way to explore the relationship of male and female.

The beach is like my second home. The square with the beach on it shows this clearly. I could never live away from the coastline, I guess because I know and have grown always living close to the beach.

The house that I have put on the quilt represents many things about myself. My passion in life is design and I have always wanted to apply this to interior design, so in one way the house is a representation of that. Also a home to me is a roof over my head, a place that is safe and warm. It’s where I sleep, eat and relax; it’s a whole lot more than just a pile of bricks.

I ❤ NY. I think this patch is fairly self-explanatory. I visited New York City in January this year. It was a place for many firsts for me, first time I had been to America, first holiday without my family, first time I saw snow and the first time I had seen such an amazing place. Reasons why I love New York:

  • The Broadway shows
  • The bright lights
  • The museums
  • The sights
  • The buildings
  • The atmosphere
  • The people
  • The hopes and dreams
  • The culture
  • The food

And the list could go on and on, but the one thing that I really loved about New York I felt like I could live there forever, I just didn’t want to leave.

The square with the tree represents my love for the environment. It’s nice to sometimes get away and be in touch with nature. I find that nature keeps the mind fresh and active, lots of places are now filled with artificial rather than natural things. I also believe, along with many other people in the world that if we don’t start to take more care of our environment then we will have big, big problems in the future. I think we need to stop polluting our earth and start being mindful of global warming and climate change.

The globe signifies my love for travel. If I could then I would visit every country in the world! I know every one says that they love to travel but if I could then I would just pack up my back pack and immerse myself in as many cultures as I could. Also on the globe I did Australia as the country showing with a little bead sewn onto where Perth is to represent my home. It’s where I was born, where my family is and where I will always be able to come back to.

Watermelon is my ultimate-all time favourite food! I love the way it tastes, the shape it is and the colour it is, absolutely everything about it. Did you know that watermelons are actually 92% water and is the most consumed melon in the whole world! Fun Facts (watermelon). [2012.]. Looks like I’m not the only one who loves them.

My snowy mountain is purely because I love the snow. When the snow first starts to fall it’s so pretty the way it just floats down, seems pretty magical to me. A few of my favourite things to do in the snow are making snow angels and have snow ball fights but my ultimate favourite is snowboarding. I am probably the most un-coordinated person you will ever meet in your life but for some reason I can snowboard. The first time I went boarding was in Canada on Blackcomb Mountain, so the snowy mountain on my quilt represents that.

The patch with the little girls could have two interpretations. I initially made it to represent my love for my family and friends. But the other interpretation could be taken as the way I like to interact with people and find out more about how people live in different cultures.

Sunflowers are my favourite flowers, they can symbolise warmth and spiritual healing. The sunflowers colours are so bright and vibrant with warm yellow and oranges. My connection to the sunflower is that at a friend’s funeral they handed out sunflower seeds for everyone to plant, which I thought, was such a lovely thing.

#SEWINGSELFIES

DO WHAT YOU LOVE, LOVE WHAT YOU DO

I live my life by this saying. Basically if I wanted all the money in the world I would not be doing an arts degree. I decided that I would rather be happy with my career and poor than be miserable going to work every day and rich. If everyone in the world had the opportunity and did what they wanted then their mindset would be in a lot better place.

Note: I have just finished sewing all my squares and what do you know my sewing machine broke. I now have to get it fixed in time to finish my project! Really pushing the time limit!

My end product I am so happy with. I decided to use black thread and expose it rather than hide the stitching because I think it suited the more cartoonish look I was going for. I think that all of my colours also meshed really well together. My favourite patch would be the I<3 NY patch, because I just think it works the best out of all of them in regards to composition.

Fun Facts (watermelon). [2012.]. Retrieved from:L http://www.watermelon.org/FAQ/FAQ-FunFacts.aspx

Reninger, E. [2012.]. “The Yin Yang Symbol”. Retreieved from: http://taoism.about.com/od/visualsymbols/p/YinYang.htm

Creativity in Community

In class today, Vanessa showed us some images of some of Perth’s most popular streets decades ago, and juxtaposed them with what they look like not. The streets have had designers and artists in the community revitalise them to make them more appealing and lively. Vanessa then went on to mention that if we all finished our degree and moved over east, as many designers do, then there would not have been anyone to make these changes. I agree, we need to keep creativity within our own community if we want to see changes made. Designers study for many years to become qualified so why would we want to study for that long and then more over east to find jobs that we could attain easier (due to less competition) in Western Australia.

The lecturer this week was Dr. Cat Hope, she basically gave us an insight on her creative journey through what has led her into doing the job she does today. She explained how this journey not always went as she had planned but she managed to make it work for her. Dr. Cat Hope’s journey has shown me that if you don’t find what you want to be doing at the start of your journey, there is always time to try new things and experiment with your passion in different ways. Cat mentioned that being creative is about finding ways this is what she did. She also listed these qualities as a link to being an artist:

  • Thinking about art and ideas
  • Finding our and learning about art
  • Relating life and art
  • Being part of an artistic community
  • Making art

“Imagine the world you want to live in. Now go create it.”(FORM,2010).

FORM is creative community that is supported by a not for profit membership. First established in 1968 as Craftwest, it became the largest craft and design establishment in WA. In 2004, the company was renamed to FORM. The company offers education for designers that help to advance their professional careers. FORM launched a program that has started to revitalize Perth and focuses on the sector of sustainability. FORM has also worked regionally in places such as Port Hedland.

Creative Capital includes workshops, research, engagement strategies and specialist residencies and events that focus on creativity and the valuable role it plays in the world we live in. (FORM, 2010).

This weeks reading was Borrup, the creative community builder’s handbook. “We shape our cities and then our cities shape us.” (J, Borrup. 2006)

In this weeks reading, it was made clear that creative workers are not driven by money, but instead they create jobs wherever they go. They look for places that they want to be living, form a creative project and then make it their home. Some businesses that make up our creative communities include fashion, tourism and leisure.

5 Economic Development Strategies included in the Borrup handbook

  1. Creates jobs
  2. Stimulate Trade through Cultural Tourism
  3. Attract Investment by Creating Live/Work Zones for Artists
  4. Diversify the Local Economy
  5. Improve Property and Enhance Value

5 Social Development Strategies included in the Borrup handbook

  1. Promote Interaction in Public Space
  2. Increase Civic Participation through Cultural Celebrations
  3. Engage Youth
  4. Promote Stewardship of Place
  5. Broaden Participation in the Civic Agenda

All of these factors show how if people are active in an environment then we are able to better our cultures and artistic community. If we enhance our creativity in the communities we live in, people will be surrounded by more culturally diverse towns and cities. This will possibly lead to more creative minds.

Sunday afternoon, 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.photograph-melbourne.com/melbourne-photos/photo-201000248.php

Borrup, T. (2006). The creative community builder’s handbook: How to transform communities using local assets, art, and culture

FORM. (2010). Retrieved from: http://www.form.net.au/

Burning Man

One of the most insanely creative things I have ever seen. Just had to share it with all of you guys.

Burning Man is a festival that first started on a small beach in San Francisco, since then the festival has grown dramatically and now around 50,000 people journey to the Black Rock Desert to create an experimental community that allows people to express themselves with no boundaries. There are no rules and each participant chooses how they contribute to the community. Art is a huge factor of the festival and each year comes with a different theme. The rule for the end of the festival is simple, Leave no Trace. Simply meaning that you leave the area as you found it.

Burning Man (Black Rock City). [2012]. Retrieved from: http://www.burningman.com/whatisburningman/

Portfolio

Wicked Problems

The Problem Solving Loop
Tackling wicked problems can be a very complex process. As mentioned in this weeks reading there may be no solution at all to a wicked problem and if there is that solution may create new problems (Crouch, Pearce. (2012). ). Successfully solving a wicked problem requires you to ditch the traditional way of thinking. They require a broader and collaborative approach to stimulate what the real issue is. Because wicked problems are resistant to solution, there are a few different approaches you can take to find the not so clear solution. Professor Nancy Roberts suggest using the following three methods:

  • Authoritative strategies
    (Authoritative strategies are taken on by a group or individual who then use the problem solving process to tackle the issue. The people/person in control must abide by their decision. For example, in the High Court the decisions made must be stood by.)

    Authoritative figure

    Parenting Guides (2011). Retrieved from:http://parentingguides.info/authoritative-parenting-examples

  • Competitive strategies
    (When there is more than one group of people working on an issue, the other party becomes the competition. This can be an advantage because it allows the creation of more ideas and originality. However when there is competition, you always have a win lose situation. One team could be consuming resource that the other team may have spent on solving the issue at hand.)

    competitive figures

    Beat Them! (2011). Retrieved from: http://skimmingtheprice.com/uncategorized/beat-them/

  • Collaborative strategies
    (Collaborative strategies are seen as the most effective when tackling wicked problems. Collaborative work requires less resources and allows more thinkers to come up with more comprehensive and efficient solutions. However if you apply all three strategies mentioned then you are more likely to get the best results.)

You must be innovative and flexible with the approach that you take or else you will never resolve the problem being tackled. If you plan the way you are going to tackle the wicked problem to narrowly then you will more than likely neglect the most important issues. For example if you narrow it down and address the sub problem rather than the problem then you will tend to address a short term solution instead if the long term solution creating more issues in the extended future.

Here is an example of a wicked problem. A can opener was invented for the obvious reason, of opening cans. Using many tin cans, can create lots of waste and sometimes can be very difficult to open. So our question is do we really even need a can opener?

We could take away tin cans and replace them with other types of ‘containers’. We get take away meals such as Chinese in containers that can be reusable so why not baked beans or tomatoes? But within this solution lies more problems. The containers would not preserve and keep food as fresh as long as tin cans do. The problem of waste also does not go away, although the containers could be reusable there is only a certain amount that you need before you have to many.

So lets try to solve this problem now. In some grocery stores they have containers with scoops that you can help your self to the quantity of nuts and lollies that you want. You scoop them into bags then only pay for the amount that you want. The problem with this is that many things that cans contain are liquids. So put them in a plastic bag could cause endless amounts of trouble.

Other packaging’s could include squeeze bags and salad bowl style containers. But no matter how many different solutions we propose, they will always have flaws. Hence the wicked problem emerges.

 

Crouch, C., & Pearce, J. (2012) Wicked Problems Doing research in Design. Oxford: Berg

Tackling Wicked Problems (Australian Government). [2012]. Retrieved from:  http://www.apsc.gov.au/publications-and-media/archive/publications-archive/tackling-wicked-problems

Creativity and Digital Media

This weeks lecture was spoken by Mark McMahon and addressed the ideas of creativity and digital media. He spoke about how originality is not the only measure to creativity and that the creative practice has a purpose. To create a product or design you must have a functional method that creates a personality for the product. To do this Mark recommended that you follow the idea of the 4 P’s of creativity being: Person, Product, Process and Price. All four of these must be used with consideration of environmental and social factors regarding to targeted user of the product.

Mark mentioned that nowadays,we are a society that is so connected to technologies that we don’t even notice them any more. As an example he said when he walks around the CBD almost every 4th or 5th person has bluetooth devices or headphones in their ears, but as this has become so common we don’t think any differently of it anymore. New ideas are what enhance our technologies and make them better so my new idea is what if we as humans didn’t have to wear technologies to use them but we could be like a computer and have the technologies under our skin.

I decided to look into the ways which humans can become incorporated with technology and came across the idea of bionics. According to the live science website (Top Ten Bionic Technologies. (2012).) the top ten bionic human technologies are:

  • Bionic eyes
  • Re-grown bone
  • Portable pancreas
  • Inhuman taste
  • New limbs
  • Smart knee
  • Wearable kidney
  • Artificial cells
  • Growing cavernosa
  • Prosthetics for the brain

Although these ten bionics are all well and useful in the world of medical science, only people that get sick will want to use and have access to them. What I was thinking of in terms of incorporating humans with their technologies was something like having an access point under our skin which contains a memory chip that we can load music onto, then when we want to listen to an iPod like device we don’t have to worry about carrying it with us because we can easily access it from under our skin. If people can go around putting unknown beautifiers such as Botox in their bodies, why not put technologies in their bodies? People in modern society like new things and like the convenience of having it readily available. In the lecture, Mark discussed the idea of how world views are developed through people accepting new thoughts and truths. So my question is, if there was a shift in how we connect ourselves with technologies, will it be accepted as a new world view? Who knows, maybe one day it will be a technical revolution, possibly as big as the industrial revolution.

“Much innovation takes place to enhance the quality of peoples live beyond the purely aesthetic “. Mark McMahon, (2012).

With new technologies comes new quicker, easier and more easily accessible ways of doing things. It allows more people to have the ability to use softwares such as photoshop and Microsoft office, and also allows more people to create their own videos, photos and music. In my tutorial class this week, the presenting group talked about how these new technologies are great because they are easy and readily available but the catch was do they really have the same quality as what the old technologies produced. Other digital criticisms include soulless, phoney and difficult to use if you are not familiar with the technology.

There are many principles of designs that affect the composition of the final outcome. Using photoshop, I have completed the garden bed, object and fire extinguisher tasks on this weeks tutorial activities. I have used principles such as proximity, alignment, repetition and contrast to create my compositions. They were easy to design because there was hardly any constraints, however when you are designing for a client there are many constrictions that you as the designer must comply to, including biology, ergonomics, behaviour, accessibility and culture.

Top Ten Bionic Technologies. (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.livescience.com/11381-bionic-humans-top-10-technologies.html

Jung and the Active Imagination

Jung writes a lot about people and their active imaginations. In this weeks reading we are shown Jung’s analytical method and the way that he relates the imagination in scientific ways but then shows a whole other perspective that kind of contradicts his first method.

“Jung had lost touch with the creative spirit. A memory floated up of a time when he was a 10- or 11- year old boy, deeply engrossed in building fames. The memory was filled with a rush of emotion and he realized the child was alive. His task became clear: He had to develop an ongoing relationship to this lively spirit within himself. But how was he to bridge the distance? He decided to return in his imagination to that time and enact the fantasies that came to him.”  (Jung, 1997, page 2)

In drama, there are many methods of acting. Stanislavski invented many methods of acting two of which are emotional and physical recall. To use this method the actor must replace the circumstance they are in within the play and call on memory where they felt closely related to this. This exercise helps an actor to live the moment and draw upon a time of personal experience, hence have a better understanding of what they are acting.

 

Jung speaks about the active imagination and how it is the process which people discover their souls, what is within them. According to Jung, the active imagination allows us to distinguish when we are in unconscious or conscious states (Jung, 1997, page 2). However, the active imagination can be a bad thing as it allows people to be overwhelmed and pressures them into making unconscious and impulsive decisions. Another idea that Jung discusses is individuation. This basically refers to the maturing of a person, as they grow older. With the idea of individuation comes the shadow. This is the side of a person that is very negative. Normally we repress and deny our self to these things and only let them exist in our unconscious state. Individuation involves us recognising that we have this shadow side and allowing it to combine with our behaviour rather than projecting it on to other people.

I’m not really one who watches many movies, reads many books or plays many video games so discussing emotions that they provoke is a tough one. There is one movie that I love called One Day, and every time I watch it I cry. This is significant though because it’s a really sad movie. In our class discussion time, one of the girls said that she just has a habit of laughing in really sad movie scenes; I guess this is an example of an odd reaction.

In fictional worlds created by authors and directors, everything seems all a bit surreal. Scenes are created to be more like a fantasy land, which seems very appealing to us. In movies such as twilight, the creator has also used sex appeal to make certain characters seem very tempting and attractive. These mythical/fictional worlds are almost an escape from reality for people.

You find yourself outside, on a path. You follow the path, walking until your feet are blistered. You occasionally hear animals moving to one side, but don’t see them. You keep walking until ahead you see a tree by a river, and beyond that a high wall. A voice calls out from the other side of the wall. It sounds almost like an animal cry, but you feel sure it is a person. You walk over to the river and bend down to touch it. The water is freezing cold. You suck your chilled knuckles and look around. The voice repeats again, almost incomprehensible. You look around and see a small raft amidst the reeds of the riverbank. You pull it out and realise that you have no means of pushing it. You look at the tree and see that its branches cross the river and reach towards the wall. You move over and try to climb up, but the sides of the tree are too smooth. You slide down and cut your finger on a piece of glass embedded in the wood. The blood runs warm down your forearm and drips into the river. You hear laughter.

You walk around the corner and see children playing in a field. They come up to you and help cover your cut. The children offer you some food and sit you by a warm fire. One of the smaller children brings you a coat to warm you up. You thank the children and sit quietly whilst the children carry on with their plays. You wonder how you are going to get out of here and back home and then remember that you’re not even sure where you are. You ask the children if they know where they are, they just smile and continue to play. You start to become frustrated and a salty tear streams down your face. Where do you go from here you think to yourself.

 

 

Film Plus, (2004). Stanislavskis Methods of Acting. Retrieved From: http://vtheatre.net/books/actbooks.html

Jung, C. (1997). Jung on active imagination (pp. 1-17, 28-33). (Ed. Joan Chodorow). London: Routledge.

Twilight – Official Trailer. [Video]. (2008). Retrieved From: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S2T7d8j6I5I

MY LIFE

My name is Matilda (like the movie), but I would much prefer to be called Tilly. I have become so use to the name Tilly now that sometimes if people say Matilda I don’t even respond. When I was younger I had myself convinced that I had magic powers like the little girl in the movie Matilda. I am freshly 19 and have recently come to the realisation that I never want to grow old, being young is just way too much fun. I live in Mandurah, right by the beach and if I ever moved I don’t think I could live far from the coastline, I love it too much.

I love experiencing different cultures and I will almost always try everything once. I am also big on eco friendly living. One day I hope to have a 5 star rated eco friendly house. My header image is one that I took, it is meant to connote holding the Earth in my hands.

A passion that I have is travel. I recently went on a world trip through England, France, Spain, New York and Canada. It was such an amazing experience and each and every place had their own special characteristics and quirks. New York was such a special city, the bright lights, so many people and by far my favourite city in the world. I hope to go back and live there one day. Not only have I been around the world but also many places within Australia. We moved around a lot when I was younger; I have visited all around the Kimberly and Pilbara, which I think has contributed to my love for travel.

I have a mind set to get a job that I love to do rather than a job that I hate but makes lots of money. I feel as if I would prefer to be happy every day with no money than hating life with lots of money. I’m currently studying at ECU, a Bachelor of Creative Industries majoring in Environmental and Spatial Design and a minor in Photo media. It has been a very inspiring course so far and has got me interested in different aspects of design. It has taught me to think in different ways and to have a different out look on the design process as a whole. Hopefully in my last semester I can study abroad in Canada (if I can make the money to finance it!). My dream job would be to travel the world and take black and white (a little old school but I love the effect) photos of its culture. Hopefully one day my passion for design and my love for the big apple will land me an internship in NYC, then who knows where that could take me!

I like to take things in life as they come, I don’t like to make plans because if plans don’t work out then you have something to be disappointed about. My motto in life is attitude determines altitude, something that mum always use to tell me. I took this on board and now always think that if I have the right mindset then I can achieve anything that I apply my self to.

The Creative Process

Creativity is often though of as a process that requires no certain skills or brainpower. Yes it may come naturally to some people but the process and methods they must use to get to their creativity can be a lot more complex. It can sometimes take a long time to be able to generate new ideas, and as a designer we need to think differently to achieve our goal.

When I am faced with a complex or open-ended idea to come up with there is usually no method, which I use to come to a solution. As mentioned in The Creative Personality “Creative individuals are remarkable for their ability to adapt to almost any situation and to make do with whatever is at hand to reach their goals” (Csikszentmihalyi, 1996, p.51). It is seen from this quote that although there are many ways and individual can come to a solution, the creative process will always be different depending on their capability to adapt to diverse briefs.

In the attached video, scientists give their point of view on what gets the creative process flowing. I feel it is a very blunt way on how to do this as it in no way shows methods of brainstorming or ways to come up with ideas/solutions.

 

An example of a creative solution:

What are the traditional meanings of a rose? From your personal experiences, what are some other meanings they may have acquired? Try to think of how a rose may acquire multiple, specific meanings in a short story called “Rose”.

When many people think of a rose they immediately would relate it to red roses, a symbol of love and valentines day. However even though this is an immediate thought, a rose can evoke many other meanings.

Other meanings include:

  1. The name of the girl on the titanic
  2. My nannas rose garden
  3. Beauty
  4. Death

When I think of roses i will always remember the time when I was little, I had just had my training wheels taken off my bike so I was a bit rusty. I was riding on the path around the garden beds at my nanas house and for some reason I forgot how to use my bikes breaks. Next thing you know I had ended up in the rose garden with spikes in me everywhere. Maybe this is the reason I’m not such a fan of roses.

I believe that the creative process is a very individual thing. Different life experiences can impact on an individuals way of thinking and also an individuals goals can be very different. The way that one comes to their solution/idea is done in a very different process also depending on the outcome which they want to achieve.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). The Creative Personality. Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention (pp. 51-76). New York: HarperCollins.

 

Davis, G. A. (2004). Definitions and Theories. Creativity is forever (pp. 58-73). (5th Ed.). USA: Kendell/Hunt.

 

How to stimulate the creative process [Video]. (2009). Howcast. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kPC8e-Jk5uw

Creativities History

Week two’s lecture included a historical overview of creativity. Presented by Andrew Ewing, we were given an insight of various forms of creativity throughout the ages including early age work from the ancient Egyptians, cave paintings and work from eras such as the medieval and romantic ages.  The lecture included how different artworks evoked different meanings and also how creativity evoked diverse means for communication. Throughout the change in time periods, Andrew showed us how creativity was used in many ways to tell a persons story, determine social status, show an artistic talent, represent religion and many more.

Of course all factors throughout history have helped to shape how creativity is defined in our modern world but I feel as if there are a few which really stand out more than others.

The Ancient imagination really kick started early day creativity. Some of the earliest creations can be seen on cave walls, these images served as a means of communication amongst the people who lived on the land. I have personal experience with this work from visiting Kakadu National Park that has gorges and rock faces covered with some of the world’s greatest rock art (“Aboriginal Rock Art (home,) “ [02/05/2012].). The art on these walls dates back to about 20 000 years ago and have significant cultural value amongst the Aboriginal Australians. The artworks derive meaning through images such as animals used to show hunting, ceremonies used for religious meanings, stories were painted for people to learn and the Aboriginals also believed their paintings could be used for sorcery and magic in people’s lives.

Aboriginal rock art painting at Anbangbang Gallery, Nourlangie Rock.

The next two significant shifts that I believe helped shape creativity are The Dark Ages of Imagination and Modernism.  In the lecture it was mentioned that night was once its own culture, causing crime, refuge and reflection on dreams and visions. However it is shown in this weeks reading At Day’s Close. A History of Nighttime by Roger Ekirch (Ekirch, 2005, p. 333)how simple things such as the shift of electricity people created a new sleeping pattern that allowed them to be out at night without being in danger of robbers and riots. Modernism showed a significant shift in creativity by revolting against tradition and producing artists such as Andy Warhol and the ‘Dada’ movement. This art form was considered as high art and it really dismayed against mass production, however later on became highly mass-produced.

Several of these movements can still be seen in the world today. For example, Aboriginal artists still use traditional forms of cave paintings but show then on materials such as bark, paper and fabrics. Modernism seems to be a term that is still thrown around a lot within today’s society. Many artists still adapt the techniques of Pop Art and Cubism within their works that obviously have been influenced by earlier generations of artists. Not only this but artists are beginning to adapt their own form of ‘modernism’ in art forms such as street art.

It is interesting looking at all different histories of imagination and relating them to my own creative ideas and practice. I feel as if art is not just a ‘slack’ form of a job, artists and designers work just as hard as anyone else would to produce a final product.  A lot of design practices now days are more than just creating an object but instead involve a thinking strategy to determine the problems within a design and how to make them more user friendly. Many things in everyday life are now already created, so it is our job as a designer not to just create objects but to improve on these and create more potential.

Aboriginal Rock Art (home). [02/05/2012]. Retrieved from Australian Government Web site: http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/kakadu/culture-history/art/index.html

Ekirch, A. R. (2005). At day’s close: Night in times past (pp.324-329). New York: Norton and Company.

Ewing, A. (2012). CCA 1103 Lecture notes. Retrieved from

Edith Cowan University, Faculty of Education and Arts Blackboard Website: http://blackboard.ecu.edu.au/bbcswebdav/pid-2314135-dt-content-rid-429221_1/courses/CCA1103.2012.2.METRO/CCA1103%20Week%202%20Lecture.pdf

Nourlangie Rock. [image]. (2012). Aboriginal Rock Art. Retrieved 15th August, 2012, from: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/australia/northern-territory/kakadu-national-park/images/nourlangie-rock-kakadu-national-park$19241-6